1) A financial penalty inflicted at the MERCY of the king or his justices for various minor offences. The offender is said to be IN MERCY and the monies paid to the crown to settle the matter is called amercement (See also Fine).
2) Sum paid to the lord by a person "in mercy" for an offense.
(Bennett, Judith M. Women in the Medieval English Countryside, 233)
3) A pecuniary punishment or penalty inflicted at the "mercy" of the king or his justices for misdemeanours, defaults, breach of regulations, and other minor offences. The offender was said to be "in mercy", he was "amerced", and paid an "amercement". To be distinguished from damages (compensation to an injured party) and from fine.
(Warren, W.L. Henry II, 633)

Medieval glossary. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amercement — A*merce ment, n. [OF. amerciment.] The infliction of a penalty at the discretion of the court; also, a mulct or penalty thus imposed. It differs from a fine, in that the latter is, or was originally, a fixed and certain sum prescribed by statute… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amercement — amerce·ment /ə mərs mənt/ n [Anglo French amerciment, from amercier to fine, from Old French a merci at one s mercy]: a fine or damages imposed at the discretion of the court Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • amercement — fine (see under PENALIZE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Amercement — An amercement is a financial penalty in English law, common during the Middle Ages, imposed either by the court or by peers. While it is often synonymous with a fine, it differs in that a fine is a fixed sum prescribed by statute and was often… …   Wikipedia

  • amercement — See amerceable. * * * ▪ English law       in English law, an arbitrary financial penalty, formerly imposed on an offender by his peers or at the discretion of the court or the lord. Although the word has become practically synonymous with “fine,” …   Universalium

  • Amercement — Amerce|ment [ə mə:smənt] das; s, s <aus gleichbed. engl. amercement zu to emerce »(be)strafen«> (veraltet) Geldbuße, Geldstrafe (Rechtsw.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • amercement — /amarsmant/ A money penalty in the nature of a fine imposed upon an officer for some misconduct or neglect of duty. Sherman v. Upton, Inc., S.D., 242 N.W.2d 666, 667. At common law, it was assessed by the peers of the delinquent, or the affeerors …   Black's law dictionary

  • amercement — noun see amerce …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • amercement — noun A non statutory monetary penalty or forfeiture …   Wiktionary

  • Amercement — The imposition by a lord of a discretionary penalty; later the penalty itself. The greatest imposer of amercements was the king; they were a royal fine. *Magna Carta deals with such royal penalties. Thus, ch. 20 states of freemen: A free man… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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